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Department of Government Ethics


What is Corruption?

There are more than 58 thousand public officials in our country. Though there are only a small number of officials who fall into corruption, they cause a high social cost. Even if you are not a public official , you should also know what corruption is. According to the Chapter of Crime of Neglect of Duty in Criminal Law and "Regulations of Corruption Punishment", not only the public officials can be guilty of the crime of corruption.
Regulations of Corruption Punishment apply not only to public officials, but also to persons who handle public affairs under the trust of the agency, or persons who commit the corruption together with the public official. If a contractor gives a bribe to a public official and asks him to do something illegally, the act of the contractor shall be regarded as corruption and the above Regulations will apply.
There are several kinds of corruption as follows:
*Crime of Making Profits
It means that a public official takes advantage of the business under his/her authority or supervision to make private profit directly or indirectly, or takes advantage of his/her authority, opportunity or identification to use the business that is not under his/her supervision to make profits. This is the most common type of corruption.
*Crime of Accepting a Bribe
It means that a public official accepts a bribe or other illegal interests related his/her duty. If the public official knows that the process or result does not meet the requirement of the law, but after receiving some benefits from the applicant, the public official illegally handle the application, then he/she has committed the crime of accepting a bribe. Another type of accepting bribe is that the public official accepts the bribe but does not do anything, thereby violating his/her duty. We call such corruption "crime of accepting bribe without violating duty".
*Crime of Accepting a Commission
It means that when handling public works or purchasing material or supplies for public use, a public official knows that he/she should pay the supplier but asks the supplier to send him/her some money in a certain proportion or deduct some money for his/her private use.
*Crime of Occupying Public Properties
It means that a public official occupies the properties handled by him/her. We also call this type of corruption "embezzlement". After finishing the act of occupation, the crime will be still regarded as having been committed even if the properties were returned by the public official.